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Pacific Coast Shark News 2019

The following reports for 2019 are provided as a public service. They are intended to inform our visitors of current shark activities along the Pacific Coast of North America. To review Pacific Coast Shark News for 2003 click here, for 2004 click here, for 2005 click here, for 2006 news click here, for 2007 click here, for 2008 click here, for 2009 news click here, for 2010 news click here, for 2011 news click here, for 2012 news click here, for 2013 click here, for 2014 click here, for 2015 click here, for 2016 click here, for 2017 click here, and for 2018 click here.

 

Cambria  —   On October 25, 2019 KSBY-TV, San Luis Obispo reported; "Between 8:00 and 8:30 a shark struck the kayak of David Samora 1 to 2 miles North of Leffingwell Landing. He was ejected from his kayak into the ocean but quickly recovered and climbed back into it. The White Shark, which was observed by a unidentified companion fishermen, was estimated to be about 10 feet in length. It departed following its strike to the kayak. Tooth fragments have reportedly been removed from the kayak. Samora was uninjured." Additional information will be posted as it becomes available. Please report any shark sighting, encounter, or attack to the Shark Research Committee.

 

Guadalupe Island   —   On September 27, 2019 Brian Gilman reported the following; "I was on a six day Tuna Fishing trip onboard the Red Rooster III that left San Diego on Saturday, September 14. I was standing at the starboard corner of the stern facing the island. I had just reeled in my bait, a sardine, to replace it and reached over the rail to grab the bait and leader. I felt a light splash of water on my face but honestly did not think anything of it. I did not hear or feel anything amiss. After grabbing my bait, to walk to the bait tank for a new bait. Immediately in front of me, 12 feet away, were the gills of a large White Shark. I looked slightly to my left and saw its open mouth and remember noticing the serrations on its teeth. The guy fishing next to me (the shark landed on the rail between us) was almost dumbstruck as he saw it breach and was convinced it was targeting him. The rail where the shark landed is easily 8 10 feet above the water surface. The weight of the shark broke four 1/2 inch bolts that secured the steel support for the teak rail. One of the deckhands estimated the shark's length at 16 feet. The captain and 25 fishermen and crew members witnessed this event."  Please report any shark sighting, encounter, or attack to the Shark Research Committee.

 

Laguna Beach   —   On August 26, 2019 Jason W. was stand-up-paddleboarding (SUP) with an unknown companion at Rock Piles directly offshore of Heisler Park in Laguna Beach. It was about 6:30 PM and they had been on the water about 20 minutes. The sky was clear with air and water temperatures were estimated at 75 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit, respectively. It was slightly choppy with 'green water' over a rocky reef 10 feet deep with 10 15 feet of visibility. Several pinnipeds were observed further out from shore in the outer kelp beds. No marine mammals were observed near the SUP riders. Jason recalled; "My friend and I paddled from Oak Street Beach to the surf spot known as the Rock Piles offshore of Heisler Park in Laguna Beach. The tide was extremely high so we surfed the right hand wave which breaks on the outside rock pile. Roughly 20 minutes into our session I glanced to my left and was startled to see a roughly 6 7 foot shark swimming directly towards us. The shark was fully submerged at an estimated depth of 4 5 feet with no dorsal fin breaking the surface. The shark was gray on top with what looked like a white underbelly. Based on body appearance and features, as well as previous encounters, I believe this was a juvenile Great White Shark. I notified my friend there was a shark heading for us and we both stood still and watched as the shark swam directly under our boards at a slow pace. After the shark passed under us it turned about 90 degrees and headed towards the kelp beds further out. Based on the sharks demeanor we decided to keep surfing. About 15 minutes after we saw the shark we noticed a seal acting strangely in the outer kelp beds. The seal was agitated and seemed to be slapping the water with its tail over and over for about 5 minutes."  Please report any shark sighting, encounter, or attack to the Shark Research Committee.

 

Dana Point   —   On August 18, 2019 Jonathan David was kayaking fishing South of the entrance to Dana Point Harbor in Orange County. It was about 12 noon and he had been on the water about 8 hours. Air temperature was estimated at 70 degrees Fahrenheit. The water was about 20 feet deep with 10 feet of visibility and a sandy bottom with some rock formations. David reported; "I was kayak fishing and had caught several which I had placed on a game clip. The fish were hanging off the side of the kayak. I glanced over the side of the kayak, looking down into the water, and saw a shark, dark gray with a very wide head and about 12 foot long. The shark was about 3 feet under the hanging fish and swan next to me for about 10 minutes then it disappeared."The shark was not observed again following this incident. Please report any shark sighting, encounter, or attack to the Shark Research Committee.

 

Santa Monica  —   On July 13, 2019 Owen Dirkse was surfing near Bay Street in Santa Monica. It was 1:00 PM and he had been on the water about 2 hours. The sky was clear with a very mild breeze and an estimated air temperature of 79 degrees Fahrenheit. The ocean was calm with 2 4 foot waves over a sandy ocean bottom 8 feet deep. Estimated water temperature was 68 degrees Fahrenheit. No marine mammals were observed in the water. Dirkse reported; "Earlier into my surf session another surfer asked me if I had seen a shark swim past. He said that it was a juvenile and didn't seem to have any interest in us. Later, after about another hour and a half of surfing, I saw the shark swim almost directly beneath me. The shark was roughly 5-6 feet in length and appeared to be a juvenile. It was just swimming through the lineup (surfers) and was not aggressive. I thought that it was relatively close to shore as it was low tide so we weren't any further out than 50 feet from the sand." The shark left the area and was not observed again. Please report any shark sighting, encounter, or attack to the Shark Research Committee.

 

Grover Beach   —   On April 25, 2019 Benjamin Beckman was surfing about 150 yards from shore at Grover Beach directly in front of the entrance to Oceano Dunes Park. Grover Beach is the middle portion of Pismo State Beach in San Luis Obispo County. It was 7:50 AM and he had been on the water 45 minutes. It was overcast with a thick fog and an estimated air temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit. The ocean was glassy with 3 4 foot waves over a sandy bottom 7 10 feet and an estimated temperature of 55 degrees Fahrenheit. There were two adult pinnipeds observed out pasted the breaking waves with a smaller individual in the troughs between the sandbars. Beckman reported: "The shark slowly swam 510 feet from me and a Stand Up Paddle boarder. The SUP rider was able to get a good size estimate from his vantage point above the shark. Initially, it was him who actually drew my attention to the portion of the shark's dorsal fin, 34 inches, that was slightly exposed above the sea surface. Before the sighting, the SUP rider was standing on his board, without paddling, and I was seated on my board, gently treading the water with my feet and my hands so as to get into better position for the next wave. Upon sighting the shark, I slowly and calmly stroked in towards the sandbar, while the paddle boarder stayed where he was. When the next wave came, I quickly paddled and rode it in, while the paddle boarder stayed out, waiting for the next set before coming in to the beach. The movement of the shark did not change at all and according to the SUP rider, it calmly swam in a side to side motion down the beach, without changing direction, headed towards the Pismo Beach Pier. The juvenile Great White Shark was dark gray and 6 7 feet in length." Please report any shark sighting, encounter, or attack to the Shark Research Committee.

 

Santa Barbara   —   On April 19, 2019 Kris Moore reported: "The Santa Barbara Harbor Patrol received two 'credible' reports of shark sightings near East Beach, which is located near Stearn's Wharf in Santa Barbara. The first notice came Thursday near Bath House on East Beach when a previously tagged shark set off a detection device on a offshore buoy. The shark two years ago had been measured at 9 feet. The second sighting came Friday just before 1:00 PM when a swimmer observed a small Great White Shark 20 feet from shore." Please report any shark sighting, encounter, or attack to the Shark Research Committee.  

 

Emma Wood State Beach   —   On April 18, 2019  Chad Everard reported; "I live in Ventura and commute to Santa Barbara each day. I saw a White Shark attacking something in the ocean off Emma Wood State Beach between the Ventura River and southerly Emma Wood State Beach campground at 4:00 PM today. It was creating a large circular splash when it caught my eye and it then breached. It was a very large White Shark I’d say 15 –  20 feet in length. it was chasing a prey on the surface and breached three times while chasing it. It was a few hundred feet outside the beach and definitely not a Whale or a Thresher Shark. It had a dark grey back and was charging around aggressively. This is the second time I’ve seen a White Shark from the 101 Freeway. The last one was a smaller White Shark that jumped vertically at Solimar State Beach about a year ago but it was a smaller, around 10 feet in length." Please report any shark sighting, encounter, or attack to the Shark Research Committee. 

 

Bolsa Chica State Beach   —  On February 23, 2019 Ana Rahlves was surfing 75 – 100 feet from shore with an undetermined number of surfers near Tower 17 at Bolsa Chica State Beach located north of Huntington Beach in Orange County.  It was 9:30 AM and she had been on the water about 1 hour. Air and water temperatures were estimated in the low 50s Fahrenheit. The ocean was calm with a small surf and very murky water limiting the visibility. No marine mammals were observed in the area. Rahlves reported; "I was on my board when I observed a shark swam close to several surfers that were in the line up about 6 feet from me.  When I noticed the dark grey fin it was pretty close to my board, around 2 feet from me. It slowed down next to my board, then continued swimming north, parallel to the beach. I stayed pretty quiet trying to keep myself over the board and not making any sudden movements. Using my  board for comparison, i would estimate the shark to be about 7 feet in length." Please report any shark sighting, encounter, or attack to the Shark Research Committee.

 

Huntington Beach   —  February 18, 2019 Joel Smith and his father, Scott and Uncle, were surfing about 150 feet from shore at 'Dog Beach' in Huntington Beach. It was 8:15 AM and they had been on the water 45 minutes. The sky was clear with a light breeze and an estimated air temperature of 55 degrees Fahrenheit.  The ocean was calm with 3 – 4 foot waves and an estimated temperature of 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Water visibility was limited to only about 2 feet.  No marine mammals were observed in the area. Smith reported; "I was lying down on my board facing away from shore out to sea when I saw the shark swam by my right side about 1 foot away. It was swimming toward my father,  Scott, who was sitting on his surfboard approximately 20 feet further away from the shore. My father was also facing away from shore. It came within 1 foot of my father's left leg, approximately 1 foot from the surface, when it came to the surface sticking its head out of the water. My father saw it and moved his leg quickly, upon his movement, the shark quickly changed direction and turned back toward me, while I was turning my board toward shore to paddle in. It bumped my left leg (back of the leg, near the knee) as I  began to paddle toward shore. The shark was dark grey and 6 – 7 feet in length. I was hit with enough force to almost knock me off my board, but not enough to create any pain. I paddled in quickly and did not experience any additional encounters. My father and uncle paddled to shore about 5 – 15 minutes after I came in. They did not know I was bumped by the shark." Please report any shark sighting, encounter, or attack to the Shark Research Committee

 

Pacific Coast Shark Attacks During 2018

There were 5 authenticated unprovoked shark attacks reported from the Pacific Coast of North America during 2018, with none fatal. The 5 attacks were all recorded from California. The attacks were distributed in the following months; June (1), August (1), September (2), and October (1). There were 3 shark attacks reported from Southern California, with the remaining 2 attacks north of San Luis Obispo County.  Activities of the victims were; Kayaking (1), Paddleboarding (1), Diving (2)  and Swimming (1). The Great White Shark, Carcharodon carcharias, was positively identified or highly suspect in all 5 of the attacks.

The publication “Shark Attacks of the Twentieth Century” authenticated 108 unprovoked shark attacks from the Pacific Coast between 1900 and 1999. The Great White Shark was implicated in 94 (87%) of the 108 confirmed attacks with an annual average of slightly more than one shark attack per year. The 5 cases reported for 2018 brings the total number of unprovoked shark attacks occurring along the Pacific Coast during the 21st Century to 108. This is ‘six times’ the Twentieth Century annual average of slightly more than one shark attack per year. The Great White Shark was positively identified or highly suspect in 97 (90%) of the 108 attacks recorded during the 21st Century. From 2000 to the present, 55 (51%) of the 108 confirmed shark attacks occurred during the three month period of August (17), September (15)  and October (23). Victim activity for the 108 shark attacks reported from the Pacific Coast since 2000 are distributed in the following ocean user groups; surfing 62 (57%), kayaking 18 (17%), swimming 9 (8%), diving 8 (7%), paddleboarding 7 (6%), outrigger 2 (1%), windsurfing 1 (1%), fishing 1 (1%)  and boogie boarding 1 (1%).

There have been 216 authenticated unprovoked shark attacks reported from the Pacific Coast of North America from 1900 thru 2018. The Great White Shark was positively identified or highly suspect in 191 (88%) of the 216 cases. There were 8 fatal shark attacks confirmed from 1900 to 1999 and 5 fatal attacks reported from 2000 to 2018. The 13 fatal attacks represent 6% of the 216 total cases.

The number of shark-bitten stranded marine mammals reported in 2018 was greater than the prior year. The location and time of year, would suggest an increase in the number of Great White Sharks utilizing those specific areas. However, the frequency of Great White Shark encounters and observations might be attributable to population dynamics of humans and sharks. The Shark Research Committee will continue to closely monitor these activities.

 

davidH. David Baldridge October 17, 1924 – January 4, 2019

It is with a heavy heart that I have the sad duty to report the death of a respected scientist, shark researcher and dear friend: Henry David Baldridge.
Capt. Henry David Baldridge, Jr., U. S. Navy (Retired), died January 4th in Sarasota, Florida at age 94.
David was a physical scientist (physical and organic chemistry) who came to shark research in the early 1960’s looking for better chemical shark deterrents. Very little was known about sharks in those days. David’s early interest in sharks and shark attack very likely resulted in part because as a young Navy ensign in 1945, he came very close to being assigned to the USS INDIANAPOLIS for her final voyage.
He was associated with the Lerner Marine Laboratory, Bimini, Bahamas, and the Siesta Key Station of Mote Marine Laboratory in Sarasota, where he studied sharks and shark aggression against man.
As part of his research, David became coordinator for shark deterrent testing for the Office of Naval Research (ONR) as well as a member of the Shark Research Panel which was then collecting information for what became known as the Shark Attack File. David was responsible for analysing data from over 2000 incidents of shark/human interaction from around the world and presenting them in a reader friendly format.
The final report was submitted by David to ONR in 1973. The terminology and language was softened plus all the charts and graphs were removed for a manuscript that became his book SHARK ATTACK.
Containing 1156 cases of shark/human interactions, a number of American publishers rejected the book as not having wide public appeal. Then came JAWS which, being a work of fiction, created an intense worldwide interest in the truth about shark aggression. His book was soon published in several languages and with the tenth printing in June 1976, the book cover displayed a banner proclaiming “2,500,000 COPIES IN PRINT.”
In January 1976, David made a very successful promotional tour of several cities in England and Scotland in connection with the British edition published by Everest Books.
David retired as a Navy Officer-Scientist in 1971, after 27 years of military service in a wide variety of research and staff assignments, including a long time program as a research chemist at the Naval Medical Research Institute, Bethesda, MD. As well as his book, David authored about 100 scientific papers and government reports and held two patents. He was an avid tennis player and a certified tournament line umpire. As a sports car enthusiast, he served as a pit marshal at early 24-hour endurance races at Daytona, Florida.
David was a close friend and a true inspiration. He and I used to talk frequently at length on many shark related topics. He will be sorely missed

 

 


The material contained on this Web site is shared as a public service and to further the scientific goals of the Shark Research Committee.  All text and images on this Web site are the exclusive property of the Shark Research Committee.  Information on this Web site may be used for private study, but may not otherwise be published, duplicated, or modified in any way without the prior written permission of Ralph S. Collier.